acne ayurveda, sebum cause acne, hair follicle and acne

Acne Causes


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    Acne Causes

    Causes of Acne and Pimples:

    A large number of oil producing glands called “sebaceous glands” are present under the skin ( see figure - skin cross section) on face, back, chest and shoulders. During puberty or menopause due to the influence of the sex hormones, which are produced in male and female, these glands become more active and produce an oily secretion called “sebum”. The sebum makes the skin more oily .The excessive sebum clogs the skin pore or the pit of the hair follicle forming acne.

    Apart from this the other causes of acne eruption are

    • Excess oiliness of skin due to external application of oil or oil contained preparations.
    • Medications like steroids, contraceptive pills which increase oil secretion of skin.
    • Sometimes constipation.

    The blocked pore or acne acts as good habitat for bacteria. The bacterial infection causes inflammation (red, painful swelling of the infected area) of the clogged pore or hair follicle leading to eruption of pimples.

    Vata and Kapha are two main doshas, which are involved in eruption of acne and pimples

    The oil produced by oil glands is called as medas (body fat). Kapha (one of the tridoshas) is dominant in meda. The presence of Kapha in oil makes it sticky. Vata is dominant in skin. When vata gets aggravated due to unhealthy diet and life styles, it activates the oil glands of skin to secrete more sticky oil or sebum. Thus the sticky oil or sebum oozes out to clog skin pores.

    The factors, which vitiate VATA:

    • Controlling natural urges like urination, defecation, sleep, hunger, thirst etc.
    • Consuming food irregularly.
    • Late nights.
    • Talking in high pitch.
    • Consuming dry, oily, spicy foods.
    • Psychological disturbances.

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