Ayurveda Vata Dosha – Body Type and Balancing

types of vayu in ayurveda

Vata Dosha

Vata dosha is one of the three doshas, the vital forces described in ayurveda. Vata or Vayu is the main energetic force which carries all other forces to their destination. No body function takes place without the presence of vata.

Air (vayu) and Ether or Space (akasha) are 2 out of  5 basic elements or ‘panchamahabhuta’ present in vata dosha. Akasha or space creates a path for vata to move.

Characteristics of vata and vata body type

Vata dosha gets its properties by the elements air and ether. It is like a wind which is dry, cool, light and mobile .

Body type:

The bodies of vata person will be light. They are lean and weigh less. Bones of these persons are thin. They will have dry Hair and dry skin.  They move and speak quickly. They will have mood swings, talkative, enthusiastic, creative, flexible, and energetic. They easily become constipated and lose weight. Their immune and nervous system are weak.

Vata Balancing Diet:

In order to bring balance to vata, diet and lifestyle with  opposing qualities like warmth, heaviness (nourishment), moistness, and stability have to be used.

  • Always eat warm and fresh cooked food.
  • Avoid raw foods
  • Add oil or ghee to prepare food.
  • The food must be sweet, heavy to digest (proteins and healthy fats).
  • Drink 5-7 glasses of warm water.
  • Massage body once in a week with sesame oil or ksheerabala oil.
  • Include herbs like triphala, ginger, cinnamon, licorice, cardamom etc
  • Warm milk balances vata well
  • Avoid dry foods.
  • A big no for fried foods and refrigerated foods.
  • Take more rest.

Types of Vata or Vayu

According to the texts of ayurveda vata dosha even though located in intestines it moves through all organs and tissues of body . According to its functions and locations vata dosha is subdivided into 5 more types. They are

·  Pranavayu, –

moves from external environment into body through sense organs and orifices present in upper part of body. It helps in inspiration, gulping food, hearing sounds and receiving external stimulus etc.

·  Udana vayu

Does the opposite of praanavayu – expiration, reflex actions, speech etc. Both prana vayu and udana vayu are located in upper part of body (mainly throat).

·  Vyana vayu

It helps in movement of blood from heart to other parts of body through arteries and movement of food from stomach to intestines and absorption of it. It is located in center of body.

·  Samana vayu

It is spread all over body and helps to bring back blood to heart through veins, It helps in digestion .

·  Apana vayu

It is located in pelvic area (urinary bladder, groin, testicles, etc) and helps in discharge of urine, feces, flatus, semen, fetus, menstrual blood etc. It cleanses the body and keeps the vata in balance. Apana vayu plays a great role in sexual function of men. When get vitiated it leads to erectile dysfunction.

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