Anantmool Root ( Hemidesmus Indicus) Uses and Benefits in Ayurveda

Anantmul root powder is recommended in oligospermia, acidity, low appetite and irregular menstrual cycle. It is also used for hair and skin care.

Table of content

Anantmul Plant or Nannari Plant in Ayurveda

Ayurveda Medicinal Properties of Anantmool

Anantmool Powder Benefits and Uses

Sarasparilla sherbet recipe

Anantmul or Nannari Plant in Ayurveda

Anantmool is known as sariva in Ayurveda and has a botanical name hemidesmus indicus which belongs to family Apocynacea. It is also known as Indian Sarsaparilla. Sariva has different names in Indian local languages. It is called by names Sogade beru in kannada, Nannari in Tamil, Anantamul or  Kapuri in hindi and also in Bengali, Sungandhipala and Muttavapylagamu in telugu, Uparsal in Marathi, Indian sarasaparilla in english and Naruninti in Malayalam. Gujarati language has three names for this Kapuri, Madhuri, and Upalasri

Anantmool is referred with various synonyms in texts of Ayurveda. They are Utpala Sariva, Ananta, Anantamula, Asphota, Gopi, Gopavalli, Gopakanya, Gopangi, Shyama,

Types of anatmool plant

Ayurveda acharyas recognise two types in this plant. They are

  1. Sweta Sariva (white coloured)
  2. Krishna Sariva (Dark coloured)

Both varieties are good for treatment purpose.

Chemical Constituents of Nannari Plant

Mainly this plant (hemidesmus Indicus) contains hemidesminine, Hemidesmin-1 and hemidesmin-2. Along with these Hexatriacontance, B- Sitosterol, Hyperoside, Rutin and desinine, are also found.

Ayurveda Medicinal Properties of Anantmool

Roots of this plant are used for medicinal purpose. Acharya Bhavaprakasha explains medicinal properties of this plant as follows.

Anantmul root powder is recommended in oligospermia, acidity, low appetite and irregular menstrual cycle. It is also used for hair and skin care.

Nannari has sweet taste (madhura rasa) and bitter taste (tikta rasa). It is heavy to digest (guru) and increases moistness of tissues (snigdha). After digestion (vipaka) only sweet taste remains. It acts as a body coolant (sheeta veerya) and eliminates excess heat from body. It balances tridosha (vata dosha, pitta dosha and kapha dosha).

Anantmool Root Powder Benefits and Uses.

Root powder of anatmul is recommended in various health conditions.

Anantmul Root Powder for Skin and Hair

Root powder of this plant is used in many skin diseases and ayurvedic beauty care. Hence it is praised as “kushtahara” (medicine for skin diseases) and “kanduhara” (one which reduces itching). It also reduces bad body odour . Hence referred as “durgandha hara”.

When consumed orally, this root powder helps in ayurvedic skin detox and eliminates toxins from body. Hence referred as “amahara”.  Anantmool root powder reduces bad effects of body toxins and this anti-toxic property is indicated as “vishapaha”. Sariva helps to grow strong hair and improves scalp health. Hence this herb is used in ayurvedic hair care and ayurvedic skin care regimens.

Hence best ayurvedic hair oils for dandruff and flaky skin contain this herb as ingredient. Nannari root powder is also used in ayurvedic face packs, ayurvedic fairness creams and other ayurvedic beauty products.

Helps in good digestion

This herb is very helpful in digestive issues. This helps to balance agni or body fire and reduces acidity (agnisada). It is used as digestive aid (atisarahara) in diarrhoea, dysentery and IBS (Irritable bowel syndrome). It absorbs water content (sangrahi) and helps large intestine to make well-formed stool. It improves sensation of taste buds. Sariva is highly recommended in fever as it reduces temperature (jwarahara – as it cools body) and quenches thirst.

Anantmul for Respiratory Problems

Sariva is very useful in respiratory problems like bronchitis, cough, cold, asthma, allergic rhinitis etc (Shwasahara, Kasahara)

Anantmool root powder for Diabetes, cystitis and UTI

According to Ayurveda acharyas, Nannari plant root powder is very effective in Diabetes and diabetes related urinary tract problems. This herb is also useful in ayurvedic treatment for cystitis and UTI (urinary tract infections).

Anantmul for Male Infertility

Root powder of this herb is praised as “shukrala”. Which means it improves quality and quantity of shukra dhatu. When health of shukra dhatu increases it improves sperm count and motility. Hence it is a good ayurvedic herb for oligospermia.

Helps in Women Health

Hemidesmus Indicus is indicated in ayurvedic treatment of PCOS or PCOD, as it normalises excess bleeding. This can be used in bleeding from nose or increased menstrual flow during menopause. Hence it is praised as “pradaranut”.

How to Use Sariva root powder to make Sherbet

Mix anatmul root powder and water in ratio of 1:10. Boil this in medium flame till the water reduces to half. Turn off flame and filter the decoction. Now add 4 parts of sugar ( anantmul:sugar = 1:4) or jaggery to this decoction and boil till it becomes thick like syrup (jamun syrup). Store this in an airtight container in refrigerator. While using add water in equal proportion (anantmool Sherbet : water = 1:1). Do not use this preparation if you are obese or diabetic.

(Whats App Dr.Savitha Suri @+ 91 6360108663/  to know more about ayurvedic treatment and remedies )

Author – Dr.Savitha Suri. Consultant ayurvedic physician. 

 Reference:  Medicinal Importance of Hemidesmus indicus: a Review on Its Utilities from Ancient Ayurveda to 20th Century

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