The prostate is a walnut sized gland that is only present in men. It is located just below the bladder and top of the penis. This gland surrounds the urethra ( the tube through which urine flows from the bladder and out through the penis ). Prostate gland is partly muscular and partly glandular.
Its ducts open into the prostatic portion of the urethra (The portion of urethra surrounded by prostate gland ). It is made up of three lobes.
The prostate gland secretes a slightly alkaline fluid which forms the important component of semen . This fluid constitutes the major portion of seminal fluid which carries sperm and sperms move freely in this fluid..
The prostate gland is divided into three zones, peripheral, transitional and central. The overgrowth of cells takes place in the central part which leads to BPH.
Description of Prostate Gland In Ayurveda
It is a very astonishing fact to know that the condition BPH has been explained in ayurveda long back. The anatomical position of prostate gland is described in ayurvedic classics as follows
In Yogaratnakara it has been described as —
“ NAABHERADHASTHAATSANJAATAHA SANCHAARI YADI VAACHALAHA |
ASHTEELAAVAD GHANO GRANTHIROODHWAR MAAYATA UNNATAHA || “
Which means “ Below umbilicus (NAABHI), there is a hard gland which is little bit bulged and changes its place some times and some times stays stationary. This gland is like “Ashteela” (A small stone used to sharpen swords). This gland when affected by vitiated vata causes a disease called “vataashteela” (or benign prostate hypertrophy)
Sushruta explains the structure , anatomical position of prostate gland and symptoms of BPH as follows.
“SHACRANMAARGASYA BASTHESHCHA VAAYURANTARAMAASHRITAHAI
ASHTEELAAVADGHANAM GRANTHIMMOORDHVAMAAYATA MUNNATAM|| “
Which means – the place between rectum and bladder is occupied by vitiated vata it affects the easy flow of urine, stools and semen by enlarging the gland “ Ashteela”.