Table of content
What is Mamsa Dhatu ?
Mamsa Dhatu is muscle tissue. When we consider muscle tissue, its pancha mahabhuta constitution is earth element. This tissue is governed by Kapha dosha. Any imbalance in kapha dosha can also imbalance mamsa dhatu. This dhatu gets its nourishment from its predecessor, rakta dhatu . mamsa dhatu provides nourishment to medha dhatu or body fat.
What are functions of Mamsa Dhatu ?
The following functions of muscle tissue are mentioned in texts of ayurveda
- It covers bones and body tissues (lepana)
- Body gets its shape because of this tissue.
- The quality of this tissue depends on quality of balanced kapha dosha.
- This tissue is responsible for locomotion, functioning of vital organ heart (heart beat).
- Helps in movement of digestive canal, blood vessels, respiratory organs, reproductive organs etc.
Formation of mamsa dhatu or muscle tissue
shonitham swaagnina pakwam vayunaacha ghanikrutam
tadeva maamsam jaaneeyat sthiram bhavati dehinaam
According ayurveda Rakta dhatu or blood tissue when subjected to further processing by its agni forms mamsa dhatu. Vayu takes part in solidification and jalabhuta ( water element) helps in softening it. Thus mamsa dhatu is formed. Prithvi or Earth element (one of pancha mahabhuta) constitutes major part of muscle.
“maamsa vahaanam srotasaam snayurmoolam twakcha”
The muscles originates from snayus (ligaments) . Even few originate from skin
Mamsadharakala a sheath that holds muscle tissue.
:“Mamsadharakala” is a sheeth like structure which covers muscles (mamsa), ligaments (snayu) and blood vessels (dhamani) running through muscles.
The origin and extension of muscles along with its branches, arteries, veins and nerves look like branches of lotus stems which spread in water giving rise to lotus buds.
Mamsa saara purusha lakshana ( Features of persons with healthy muscle tissue )
A person who has well built muscles looks very strong. He will have well defined muscles on chest, abdomen, arms, calf and thighs. The muscles are very well defined on temples, neck, jaws, shoulders, and cheeks. The person will be having self control, good health and longevity.
Diseases which occur due to imbalance of mamsa dhatu
Increased mamsa dhatu ( mamsa vruddhi laxana)
When mamsa dhatu is increased beyond limit the following diseases occur
Decreased mamsa dhatu ( mamsa kshaya laxana)
When mamsa dhatu decreases the following symptoms appear
Exhaustion of sense organs
Emaciation or thinning
Pain in joints like arthritis.
Causes of Imbalance in Mamsa Dhatu.
mamsa dhatu can get imbalanced due to unhealthy diet and lifestyles. Sleeping in afternoon, eating too much salty, sour and bitter food, not exercising etc can cause vitiation or imbalance of this tissue.
Based on consumption of 6 variety of tastes the following effects on mamsa dhatu have been observed.
Consuming sweet tasting ( madhura Rasa) food in moderation help to build muscles and strengthen it. Too much of sour tasting food ( amla rasa ) in diet can cause inflammation in this tissue. When salt ( lavana Rasa ) intake is increased it tends to weaken muscle fibers. Spicy and pungent foods ( katu rasa ) can reduce muscle bulk. Bitter tasting foods ( tikta rasa ) may reduce elasticity of this tissue.