Rakta dhatu or blood is one of the 7 dhatus or tissues explained in ayurveda. Rakta dhatu performs vital activities needed for a healthy life.
Formation of rakta or blood an ayurveda view
According ayurveda when rasa (lymph) is mixed with “ranjaka pitta” (haemoglobin) it forms Rakta dhatu or blood. Ranjaka pitta is one of the 5 types of pitta.
Functions of Rakta dhatu or blood according to ayurveda
Rakta dhatu in balanced condition nourishes body. Its functions are explained as follows
“Raktam varna prasaadanam mamsa pushtim jeevayathicha”
Rakta dhatu enhances tone and complexion of skin. It strengthens and nourishes “mamsa dhatu” (Muscles). The whole physiology of body is dependent on this tissue. Rakta strengthens the body and keeps it healthy. It increases life span and keeps the person active.
When a person has pure blood in his body he exhibits following symptoms.
-He has attractive complexion and glowing skin
-His sense organs work perfectly.
-He has perfect digestive power.
-He is always healthy and happy.
-His other dhatus get good nourishment.
5 elements (Panchabhoutikatwa) in rakta dhatu or blood
Its fleshy odor indicates presence of earth element or pruthvi bhuta. Its fluid nature shows water element or jala bhuta. It is red in colour indicating presence of fire element or agni bhuta, Its pulsatile movement indicates air element or vayu bhuta, It is light in nature indicating space element or akasha bhuta.
Diseases caused by imbalance of Rakta dhatu or blood (increase or decrease of rakta dhatu)
Rakta dhatu can get imbalanced from 3 doshas (vata, pitta, kapha). When it gets vitiated various diseases surface. This is explained in ayurveda as follows.
“Raktam visarpa pleeha vidradheen kushta vaatasra pittasra gulmopa kusa kaamalaa vyangaagni naasha sammoha raktatwam netra mootrata”
Visarpa – herpes
Vidradhi – abscess
Kushta – skin disorders like acne, pimples, psoriasis, etc
Vata rakta – gout
Rakta pitta – hemorrhagic disorders
Gulma – tumours
Kamala – jaundice
Vyanga – pigmentation of skin
Agni nasha – indigestion
Sammoha – syncope
Raktatwaknetra mootrata – Redness of eyes, skin and urine
When there is reduction in quality of Rakta dhatu the following symptoms appear
“Raktemla sisirapreethi siraashaithilya rookshatha”
Desire for sour foods and cold substances increases. This is manifested by burning sensation in palms and foot
Collapsing of blood vessels
Features of a person who has balanced rakta dhatu (Raktasara purusha)
“Karnaakshi mukha jihva naasaushtta paada
tala nakha lalaata mehanam snigdha rakta varnam
srimad Bhraajishnu rakta saraanaam ,saa saarata sukham……”
The person who has completely formed, well balanced rakta dhatu, exhibits the following characters
His/her ears, eyes, face, tongue, nose, lips, palms, soles, nails, forehead, genital organ look brightly red and glistening. They have a healthy look with radiance.
He or she will be attractive and energetic.
These persons do not tolerate heat, stress or strain.
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