Shukra dhatu is the 7th dhatu or tissue, as explained in ayurveda. It supports male fertility and sexual energy. Shukra dhatu which is also addressed as ‘dhatu’ in general, has to be nourished well with good diet. Healthy shukra dhatu keeps the mans fertility and sexual energy up.
In this article about shukra dhatu, we have tried to explain the meaning of shukra dhatu. Shukra dhatu undergoes kshaya or reduction in quality and quantity. Texts of Ayurveda explain treatments for shukra kshaya. Let us know the details of shukra dhatu
Formation of shukra dhatu:
According principles of ayurveda the 7 dhatus from rasa dhatu or lymph to shukra dhatu get nourishment from previous dhatu. The core nutrients of majja dhatu (bone marrow) help in production of Shukra dhatu.(see Relationship between majja dhatu (bone marrow) and shukra dhatu (semen). Thus the nutrients from majja dhatu flow to shukra dhara kala and get metabolised by shukragni to form shukra dhatu. Shukra dhatu flows through shukravaha srotas to up keep the functions of male and female reproductive system.
Functions of Shukra Dhatu
Shukra means ‘pure’ . Functions of this dhatu is mainly controlled by Kapha dosha.
According to texts of ayurveda shukra dhatu is pervading all over the body (sarva shareera gathaha).
Yada payasi sarpistu gudaschekshou raso yadha
shareereshu tadha shukram nrinaam vidyaat bhisagvarah ||
Functions of shukra dhatu are as follows
Functions of shukra dhatu in Men
It is the main tissue for production of sperms and seminal fluid. The sexual function and fertility of men is dependent on this dhatu. Development of secondary sexual characters like beard, hoarseness of voice, moustache, under arm hair, hair on chest and body all are initiated by this tissue. Strong muscles, well built body are all contributed by healthy shukra dhatu. The androgens especially testosterone in men constitute shukra dhatu
Functions of shukra dhatu in women
Shukra dhatu in women help in production of eggs and improve fertility. It controls menstrual cycle. It is the reason for secondary characteristics in women like development of breasts. It lubricates vaginal canal.
yoshitopi sravatyeva shukram pumsaam samagame
tannagarbhaaya kinchittu karotheethi vichintyate
The shukra in women gets secreted during sexual activity.
The estrogen and progesterone in women collectively constitute shukra dhatu in women. When this dhatu gets imbalanced in women, it leads to female infertility or vandhyatva. It can also cause PCOS or PCOD in women.
Shukra dhatu in Children:
Yadhaa mukulpushasya sugandho nopalabyate
labhyate tad vikaasaat tu tadha shukramhi dehinaam ||
Children will have shukra in dormant stage . This is compared to buds of flowers which have hidden fragrance in them. The visible shukra appears when children reach adulthood.
Shukra kshaya Laxanas: (Symptoms of decreased shukra dhatu )
Dourbalayam mukhasoshascha paandutwam sadanam sramah
klaibyam sukraa visargascha ksheenasukrasya lakshanam
Difficulty in ejaculation of semen. :
When there is reduction in shukra dhatu men fail to get strong erection and also they feel it very difficult to ejaculate semen. Since this dhatu is the main support for all reproductive functions in men, its undernourishment causes male health related problems.
Ejaculating little quantity of semen after a painful coitus :
During malnourishment of this dhatu there will be vitiation of vata. Hence dryness and pain prevails throughout body. The quantity and quality of semen reduces. Low volume of semen is main feature of shukra dhatu kshaya or decrease.
Shukra dhatu energises body and up keeps the strength. Reduced strength in this tissue leads to fatigue and weakness. Anemia sets in. Muscles become very weak and man becomes very tiered even after little exertion.
Sukra dhatu when loses its strength, the male sexual function also takes a back seat. Erectile dysfunction or Impotence sets in and fertility decreases. Volume of semen may reduce to zero and there may be no ejaculation at all.
Causes for Shukra kshaya or decrease of shukradhatu (semen):
“jarayaa chintayaa sukram vyandhibhih karma karshanat
kshayam gachchatyanasanaat streenam chati nishevanat”
Old age, Mental stress and worries, chronic diseases, under nourishment and excessive indulgence in sex or increased ejaculation of semen like masturbation leads to shukra kshaya or reduced quantity of semen.
How to increase Shukra Dhatu in Body ? Shukra kshaya treatment for Men.
Ayurveda recommends Vajikarana therapy as treatment to overcome shukra dhatu kshaya. This therapy includes vrushya and vajikarana herbs which increase this dhatu. Herbs like ashwagandha, kapikacchu or mucuna, gokshura or tribulus, safed musli, vidari kanda, shatavari, black musli or talamooli etc help to increase shukra dhatu. These herbs have to be used after undergoing an ayurveda detox for men. One has to follow an ayurveda daily routine or dinacharya to prevent reduction of shukra dhatu.
Ayurveda Lehya or lehyam for shukra dhatu pushti
Ayurvedic pharmacology texts recommend dhatu pushti preparations in form of lehya or lehyam. Vajikara Lehyam is one such preparation which helps in dhatu pusti. This is a vajikara rasayana which contains shukrala herbs to nourish and strengthen shukra dhatu. It is a dhatu vruddhikara medicine.
Shukra vriddhi laxanas (symptoms of increased shukra dhatu)
“ati sthree kaamataam vriddam shukram shukrashmari mapi”
When shukra increases beyond limits, it produces ati kaama or increased interest in sex and shukraashmari (seminal calculus). Increased dhatu prevents men health conditions like Impotence, erectile dysfunction, low sperm count and motility. It improves fertility of men.
Importance of Shukra dhatu:
As shukradhatu is end product of dhatu parinaama or formation of dhatus, it is considered as essence of all dhatus. Hence its level in body has to be maintained very carefully by consuming nourishing foods and leading a healthy life.
Shukradhatu has to be protected to keep body healthy. Practicing healthy sexual life, consuming healthy food and leading a healthy lifestyle help to protect shukra. Or else it leads to shukra kshaya
Do You Know Imbalance of Shukra Dhatu can Affect Men Health?
It is a known fact that men and women have different type of reproductive anatomy and physiology. Still there are some curious facts which you have to know before going through this article. Testosterone also known as male hormone is present in both men and women. Men secrete a lot of it and women secrete it in a very little quantity. Oestrogen which is a female hormone is also present in both and follows the same path but vice versa. Women secrete more of oestrogen hormone and men secrete a very little amount. Any imbalance in these two hormones can cause infertility in both genders.
The same fact has been described by Ayurveda as
Shukra dhatu can be taken as combination of oestrogen and testosterone which is present all over body and all body organs respond to this. It is just like how ghee is present in milk in invisible form and jaggery is present in Sugar cane in the same way. When there is an imbalance in Shukra Dhatu both genders suffer problems. Let us see how the imbalance of Shukra Dhatu affect men health.
Based on principles of Ayurveda obesity occurs when kapha dosha goes off balance. Vitiated Kapha also affects male reproductive system causing imbalance of Shukra dhatu. Imbalanced shukra dhatu affects the levels of testosterone. Various researches have shown the following facts.
- Obesity is a major cause of low testosterone levels
- 75% of men who are obese and whose BMI is more than 40 kg/m2 were found to suffer with hypogonadism.
- The link between obesity and low testosterone levels is found in men at all ages, even in young men and teenagers.
- In elderly men obesity occurs due to decline in testosterone levels.
When shukra dhatu gets imbalanced it can lead to production of unhealthy sperms which are low in count and less motile. This type of semen which contains unhealthy sperms is discussed in detail in Texts of Ayurveda. ( Read Unhealthy semen – An ayurvedic view ). Health experts opine that imbalanced testosterone levels can cause low sperm count and low sperm motility.
Imbalanced Shukra dhatu is the main reason for erectile dysfunction or claibya. Ayurveda acharyas describe various types of erectile dysfunction. Among them Jaraja Claibya (erectile dysfunction due to old age) and claibya due to atisthoolathwa (Erectile dysfunction due to Obesity) are directly linked with imbalance in testosterone hormone.
Charakacharya in his ayurvedic text Charaka Samhita says that vitiation of jala bhuta or Water factor in body causes prameha or diabetes. Meanwhile shukra dhatu is made up of Jala and Prithvi (earth factor) mahabhutas. This confirms the link between imbalanced shukra dhatu and diabetes. Doctors say that it is possible that some of the lifestyle factors that increase the risk of diabetes also increase the risk of low testosterone.
Variations in Ejaculate Volume:
When Kapha dosha vitiates Shukra dhatu the volume of semen increases with decreased quality of sperms. When Vata dosha vitiates Shukra Dhatu, the volume of semen and sperm count decrease. These vitiated semen are known as dooshita Shukra or Unhealthy Semen
Depletion of shukra dhatu causes Dehalasya (tieredness), Hridklama (depression or mental fatigue), Nirasakti (loss of interest), Nidraheenata (Insomnia), etc. Various medical researches show that plummeted testosterone levels can cause diminished ability to concentrate, as well as irritability and depression.
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