Ayurveda definition of shukra dhatu (semen )

Shukra dhatu is the 7th dhatu or tissue, as explained in ayurveda. It supports male fertility and sexual energy. Shukra dhatu has to be nourished well with good diet. Healthy shukra keeps the mans fertility and sexual energy up.

In this article about shukra dhatu, we have tried to explain the meaning of shukra dhatu. Shukra dhatu undergoes kshaya or reduction in quality and quantity. Texts of Ayurveda explain treatments for shukra kshaya. Let us know the details of shukra dhatu

Production of shukra dhatu:

The core nutrients of majja dhatu (bone marrow) help in production of Shukradhatu.(see Relationship between majja dhatu (bone marrow) and shukra dhatu (semen).

According to texts of ayurveda shukra dhatu is pervading all over the body (sarva shareera gathaha).

Yada payasi sarpistu gudaschekshou raso yadha
shareereshu tadha shukram nrinaam vidyaat bhisagvarah ||

Shukra is present in our body in invisible manner as ghee is indistinguishable in milk. Same way jaggery can not be seen directly in sugar cane.

Shukra dhatu and male fertility:

The invisible shukra present in body gets ejaculated through penis in the form of visible shukra or semen. Semen gets ejaculated when men indulge in sexual activities after getting stimulated by sexual thoughts, touch etc .

Shukra in Children:

Yadhaa mukulpushasya sugandho nopalabyate
labhyate tad vikaasaat tu tadha shukramhi dehinaam ||

Children will have shukra in dormant stage . This is compared to buds of flowers which have hidden fragrance in them. The visible shukra appears when children reach adulthood.

Shukra in women:

yoshitopi sravatyeva shukram pumsaam samagame
tannagarbhaaya kinchittu karotheethi vichintyate

The shukra in women gets secreted during sexual activity. But this is not useful in garbhotpatti (fertilization)

Shukra vriddhi laxanas (symptoms of increased shukra dhatu)

“ati sthree kaamataam vriddam shukram shukrashmari mapi”

When shukra increases beyond limits, it produces ati kaama or increased interest in sex and shukraashmari (seminal calculus)

Shukra kshaya Laxanas:(Symptoms of decreased shukra dhatu )

Dourbalayam mukhasoshascha paandutwam sadanam sramah
klaibyam sukraa visargascha ksheenasukrasya lakshanam

Difficulty in ejaculation of semen. : When there is reduction in shukra dhatu men fail to get strong erection and also they feel it very difficult to ejaculate semen.  Since this dhatu is the main support for all reproductive functions in men, its undernourishment causes male health related problems.

Ejaculating little quantity of semen after a painful coitus : During malnourishment of this dhatu there will be vitiation of vata. Hence dryness and pain prevails throughout body. The quantity and quality of semen reduces. Low volume of semen is main feature of shukra dhatu kshaya or decrease.

Weakness: Shukra dhatu energises body and up keeps the strength. Reduced strength in this tissue leads to fatigue and weakness. Anemia sets in. Muscles become very weak and man becomes very tiered even after little exertion.

Accelerated ageing: This tissue when healthy makes man look healthy. When its strength  is reduced the early ageing symptoms like dry skin and wrinkles appear on face and body

Impotence or erectile dysfunction : Sukra dhatu when loses its strength, the male sexual function also takes a back seat. Erectile dysfunction or Impotence sets in and fertility decreases. Volume of semen may reduce to zero and there may be no ejaculation at all.

Reasons for Shukra kshaya or decrease of shukradhatu (semen):

“jarayaa chintayaa sukram vyandhibhih karma karshanat
kshayam gachchatyanasanaat streenam chati nishevanat”

Old age, Mental stress and worries, chronic diseases, under nourishment and excessive indulgence in sex or increased ejaculation of semen leads to shukra kshaya or reduced quantity of semen.

Importance of Shukra dhatu:

As shukradhatu is end product of dhatu parinaama or formation of dhatus, it is considered as essence of all dhatus. Hence its level in body has to be maintained very carefully by consuming nourishing foods and leading a healthy life.

Shukradhatu has to be protected to keep body healthy. Practicing healthy sexual life, consuming healthy food and leading a healthy lifestyle help to protect shukra. Or else it leads to shukra kshaya

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