Ayurveda Medicinal Properties and Uses of Amla

Ayurvedic texts recommend amla to address PCOS, low sperm count and motility, weight loss, acne, pimple, psoriasis and hair loss. It boosts immunity and rejuvenates body.

Table of Content

Amla in Ayurveda
What are the medicinal properties of Amla ?
What are the health benefits and uses of amla ?
What are the home remedies with amla ?
Amla research work.

Amalaki or Amla is also known as Indian goose berry. It is a deciduous tree which reaches a height of 5 meters. The bark of this tree is light brown in colour. Leaves which are 10 mm long and 3 mm wide are closely set in pinnate fashion giving a feathery appearance. Flowers are pale green and occur in cluster of 6 to 10. Fruits are fleshy, globe shaped and depressed at poles. They weight 6-8 gms.

Botanical Description of -Emblica officinalis

BOTONICAL NAME : Emblica officinalis
FAMILY: Euphorbiaceae
HABITAT: The native of tropical South-Eastern Asia, particularly central and southern India. It is found in dry deciduous forests of India and Burma .It is also found in Ceylon and China.
PHARMACOLOGY: Rich source of vitamin C, The fruits are diuretic and laxative
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION : Contains phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and iron. Tannins and pectin. Also contains ascorbic acid

Amla in ayurveda

Amla is widely used in ayurvedic herbal preparations, to treat different health conditions. The botanical name of amla is Emblica officinalis. It is eulogized as “dhatri” (god of health) by ayurveda acharyas. Dhatri means mother. When we regularly consume this berry, it protects our body by virtue of its immense medicinal properties like a mother who protects her child.

Amla has various names in India

SANSKRIT NAME : Amalaki, Dhatri
Hindi – amla, aonla, onilika
Bengali – amla, amlaki
Telagu – amalkamu, uririkai
Tamil – nelli
Marathi – aavala
Gujarati – amali, Ambala
Kannada – amalaki, bettadanellikai
Assam – amlaki, amluki

Medicinal properties of Indian gooseberry is explained as follows.

Acharya Bhavaprakasha praises medicinal properties of amla as follows.

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Dhatri phala or amla is equalent to haritaki (Terminalia chebula) in its medicinal properties but it is especially helpful in conditions like allergies or rashes and increased frequency of urination (as in diabetes, cystitis and UTI). It is the best aphrodisiac and rejuvenator.

Acharya Charaka explains the medicinal properties of amla as

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This means “ Aamalaki phala has five rasas (tastes ) like amla (sour), madhura (sweet), tikta (bitter), kashaya (astringent taste) and katu (pungent taste). Amla is very useful in diseases of eyes. It alleviates tridoshas. It is the best aphrodisiac.”

Taste (rasa)-

It mainly tastes sour (amla rasa). But also tastes sweet (madhura rasa), astringent (Kashaya rasa), pungent (katu rasa) and bitter (tikta rasa). Except salty taste (lavana rasa) it has all other rasa.

Guna :-

It is heavy to digest (guru) and dries up body tissues (ruksha). It reduces moisture content in tissues. It has cold potency (sheetha veerya). It tastes sweet after digestion (vipaka).

KARMA (Action) :

Tridoshahara (Balances vitiated Tridoshas)
Daha prashamana (relieves burning sensation),
Chakshushya (good for eyes)
Kushtaghna(rejuvenates skin),
Vrishya (aphrodesiac),
Keshya (Improves hair growth)
Rasayana (Rejuvenates body systems),

Health benefits of amla are explained as follows in ayurveda

Effects on Tridoshas:

It alleviate tridoshas (vata dosha, pitta dosha and kapha dosha) and specially normalizes pitta. Hence it is very useful in diseases which arise due to aggravation of pitta.

Amla for Erectile dysfunction and low sperm count

Amla acts as aphrodisiac and strengthens shukra dhatu. This helps to increase sperm count and motility. It helps to rejuvenate male reproductive system. This fruit is known as “vrishya “ in Ayurveda. Vrishya means aphrodisiac. It helps to rejuvenate male reproductive system and to increase the male fertility. Hence it is included in Vajikarana Therapy . This fruit is used as main ingredient in various vajikarana rasayana. It is the best ayurvedic herb for erectile dysfunction.

Amla for weight loss

These berries help to normalize metabolism, thus prevent accumulation of fat (medha dhatu ). Regular consumption of amla helps to rejuvenate liver, reduce acidity and problems arising due to pitta .Amla helps to expel body toxins. Regular use of amla in the form of powder, juice or raw fruit helps to detoxify liver . It helps to manage body weight and aids in weight loss. It also slows down aging process and boosts body immunity.

Amla for PCOS

Amla helps to reduce meda dhatu or body fat. It is also recommended in prameha or diabetes. Hence this is very useful for women who suffer from PCOS or PCOD. Regular consumption of amla helps in weight and blood sugar management.

For skin health

The juice of Indian gooseberry fruits reduce burning sensation of skin. These fruits boost immunity of skin and helps to prevent acne and pimples.

For Hair Health

Amalaki is known to improve health of hair. It strengthens the hair follicles and reduces the inflammation of scalp skin.

For Health of Eyes

These fruits help to reduce burning sensation in eyes and help to maintain health of eyes.

Effects on nervous system:

According to texts of ayurveda amalaki enhances memory power and strengthens the nervous system. It sharpens the sensitivity of sense organs.

Maintains digestive health:

It normalizes digestion, reduces acidity and rejuvenates liver. It relieves constipation when taken in more quantity.

Effects on Circulatory system:

Dhatri acts as a cardiac tonic and helps in anemia

Effects on respiratory system:

Clears respiratory system in infection as it reduces kapha.

Effects on urinary system :

It helps to soothe inner layers of bladder and helps to reduce frequency of urination. It acts as body and bladder coolant and very useful as ayurvedic medicine for cystitis.

Home Remedies with Amla

To boost body immunity –

Amla juice mixed with water help to lower the body temperature during summers. It also helps to reduce body temperature during fever.

For acne, pimples and wrinkles:

Wash face thoroughly and apply juice of amla or amla water (3 tea spoons of concentrated amla water), when you have acne and pimple. Its astringent properties help to reduce wrinkles and close pores. Amla keeps the skin healthy and increases its fairness and glow.

Preparation of Amla water:

Amla water can be used when fresh amla fruit juice is not available. Follow these steps to make amla water. Take 3 tea spoons of dry amla fruits. Thoroughly wash them and soak over night in clean water. Mash and Squeeze the soaked amla fruits next day morning and filter the juice. Store this juice in a small jar and refrigerate it. Mix this concentrated juice to clean water according to use.

For Diabetes:

Researches have shown that amla can reduce blood sugar level. Persons wit diabetes can use this as follows. Add 3 tea spoons of amla water to a glass of regular water and consume regularly around 4-5 times a day.

For Hair :

Use pure coconut oil boiled with amla fruits for regular application on hair. Apply this oil at night and massage scalp. Wash it off next day morning. Persons with oily hair can use amla water (mix 3 tea spoons of amal water + 3 tea spoon of lemon juice + water – quantity required) as hair wash. This helps to prevent hair loss and conditions hair.

Amla powder for digestion, acidity:

Powder dry fruits of amla. Add hing, rock salt (sendha namak) according to taste. Consume this mixture with hot cooked rice and a tea spoon of ghee. This helps to reduce indigestion and acidity.

In all the above home remedies in non-availability of fresh amalaka fruit ready powder can be used.

Research works by young scientists on Emblica Officinalis

Name: Kashifa Khanum
email: [email protected]
qualification: B.Pharm
matter: Chemical composition / key active

constituents :

Amla is highly nutritious and is an important dietary source of Vitamin C, minerals and amino acids. The edible fruit tissue contains protein concentration 3-fold and ascorbic acid concentration 160-fold compared to that of the apple. The fruit also contains considerably higher concentration of most minerals and amino acids than apples. Glutamic acid, proline, aspartic acid, alanine, and lysine are 29.6%, 14.6%, 8.1%, 5.4% and 5.3% respectively of the total amino acids. The pulpy portion of fruit, dried and freed from the nuts contains: gallic acid 1.32%, tannin, sugar 36.10%; gum 13.75%; albumin 13.08%; crude cellulose 17.08%; mineral matter 4.12% and moisture 3.83%. Amla fruit ash contains chromium, 2.5 ppm; zinc 4 ppm; and copper, 3 ppm.Key Active ConstituentsEmblicanin A&B, Puniglucanin, Pedunculagin, 2-keto-gluconolactone (Vitamin-C equivalents). Ellagic acid, Hexahydroxy-diphenic acid and conjugates.


Emblica officinalis is effective in the treatment of amlapitta [peptic ulcer]and in dyspepsia. The fruits exhibit hypolipiadaemic and antiatherosclerotic effects in rabbits & rats. The fruit extract has antimutagenic activity on certain directly acting mutagens in some strains of Salmonella typhimurium.The extract of amla also has antimicrobial properties. Amlaki is an antioxidant with free radical scavenging properties which may be due to the presence of high levels of super oxide dismutase.

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Author: Dr.Savitha Suri , Consultant Ayurvedic Physician

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