Urad Dal or black gram Health benefits for male and female are eulogised by ayurveda. It helps in erectile dysfunction, low sperm count, pcos , menopause and to increase skin glow.
Black gram is known as urad dal in Hindi. In texts of ayurveda this bean is known as “MASHA” or “MASH”. This lentil is a bean grown mainly in south Asia. The plant of this bean is erect and hairy. It is an annual herb. It has a tap root which branches to form branched roots. The cylindrical pod of this plant contains seeds. The pods are usually six cm long.
According to acharya Charaka , There are two rice preparations which have same qualities. One is rice prepared with meat, vegetable, muscle fat, oil, ghee, marrow ( majja ) and fruit. This rice preparation boosts strength , refreshes body and mind, acts as cardiac tonic, heavy to digest and nourishing. Another recipe is rice cooked with Black gram, Sesame, Green gram and Milk. This rice also has the same properties of first rice preparation.
This plant is known by various names in India. It is ‘urad’ in hindi, ‘mashkalai’ in bengali, ‘udid’ in marathi, ‘udad’ in gujarati, ‘ulundu’ in tamil, ‘bhinumu’ in telagu, black gram in english, ‘mashe’ in parsi
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Ayurveda Health Benefits of Black Gram or Urad Dal
It is heavy to digest (guru) and improves moistness of tissues (snighda). It has sweet taste (madhura rasa) and tastes sweet even after digestion. But it has hot potency or hot in nature (ushna veerya).
Effect on Doshas
Nutritional facts or Contents of Urad Dal:
Black gram is rich in vitamins, minerals and devoid of cholesterol. It is store house of calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, copper, manganese etc. Urad dal contains vitamins and dietary fibers.
Urad Dal or Black Gram Benefits for male
Due to high potassium content urad dal acts as an aphrodisiac. (High blood pressure occurs due to high sodium level and low potassium level. Black gram contains plenty of potassium. This helps to balance sodium potassium level and reduce hypertension or high blood pressure. There is a strong link between hypertension or high blood pressure and erectile dysfunction. As potassium helps to reduce high blood pressure, it also helps in erectile dysfunction. ) Hence this bean is praised as Vajikarana Food
Since it normalises vata it is recommended in diseases caused due to vitiation of vata.
Benefits of Urad Dal or Black gram for Erectile Dysfunction and male infertility
Imbalanced vata dosha causes many diseases and also leads to men health problems like erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation , low sperm count and motility etc. Hence Ayurveda acharyas recommend use of “masha” in many male health conditions. It is eulogised as best ayurvedic herb for erectile dysfunction. It nourishes male reproductive system and balances imbalanced doshas especially apana vayu. Apana vayu gets imbalanced when there is a constipation. This bean is the best remedy for constipation. (Read Can constipation cause erectile dysfunction ?). It is also praised as shukrala or the food which increases shukra dhatu. Hence it is recommended in male infertility. (read Male Infertility Treatment and Home Remedies-An Ayurvedic View ) .Urad dal is also used in many Indian ayurvedic home remedies for erectile dysfunction.
Urad Dal Ayurvedic Benefits for Female
Urad dal is also recommended for women in various health conditions.
Black Gram for PCOS
This herb is effective in dysmenorrhea and primary amenorrhea . This acts as a best protein diet for women who suffer from PCOS.(Read Ayurvedic Kitchen Herbs for PCOS and Weight Loss ) .It helps to lose fat and gain healthy muscle weight. It relieves constipation and provides nutrition. In India it is a custom to give urad dal recipes to girls when they first start menstruating.
For Lactating Mothers
This pulse is very useful for women who are breast feeding babies. It improves milk secretion and also boosts quality of breast milk.
Urad Dal in Cystitis and UTI
This bean is recommended in ‘basthi shotha’ or cystitis. It reduces inflammation of inner layers of bladder and also reduces burning sensation while passing urine as in UTI.
As face pack
Flour of this gram can be mixed with chick pea flour and applied on face as face pack. Take 1 tea spoon of urad dal flour and 1 tea spoon of chick pea flour. Add sufficient water and mix well. Apply this on face and wash it off after 20 minutes with plain water. This helps to enhance glow of face and increases fairness.
Black Gram for Weight Gain
Urad Dal for Joint Pain
According to principles of ayurveda vitiation of vata causes inflammation of tissues and initiates the sensation of pain.“Mash” or urad dal normalizes vata and hence has anti inflammatory properties. Usually a hot poultice of black gram is used in inflammation of joints and muscle pain. Massaging with herbal oil processed with this wonderful herb helps to reduce pain and inflammation .
Nervous system disorders:
This herb strengthens nervous system. Ayurveda acharyas recommend preparations of this herb in nervous debility, partial paralysis, facial paralysis and other disorders which involve nervous system.
Black gram for constipation
“Vigna Mungo” or masha helps to increase bulk of stools. The moistness increasing property coupled with bulk increasing quality helps in easy movement of bowel. Therefore usage of this bean is recommended in conditions like constipation, piles and colic. This herb is a very good liver stimulant.
Boosts Strength and increases life span
Apart from above mentioned medicinal properties, black gram also helps in increasing body bulk and body energy level. It strengthens the body and increases lifespan. Body builders can use this as protein supplement to increase their muscle bulk.
Who Should Not Use Black Gram ?
One should not eat this pulse daily as it is heavy to digest and may cause indigestion. Urad dal should not be used by persons who suffer from following diseases.
- Raktapitta (bleeding diseases)
- Vata raktha (gout or increased uric acid level)
- Difficulty to pass urine
- Diseases in which rakta dhatu or blood is vitiated
- Ekakushta (Psoriasis)
- Intestinal worms
- Skin diseases etc
Do not eat masha with the following foods
Jack fruit, Meat of Yak, buffalo, cow, deer, elephant, fish, whale, pearl oyster, conch snail, cat fish and crocodile.
Author : Dr. Savitha Suri Consultant Ayurvedic Physician
(Whats App Dr.Savitha Suri @+ 91 6360108663/ to know more about ayurvedic treatment and remedies )
Call us at +91 9945995660 / +91 9448433911
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