Pueraria tuberosa or Vidarikanda (in Sanskrit ) belongs to the family of Fabaceae. It is a perennial woody climber and has huge tuberous roots. A fully grown plant measures 5-6 meters in height. This plant bears white flowers with pink shade. It is mainly found in India, Nepal and Pakistan. It is popularly known as Indian Kudzu.
In ayurveda system of medicine, its roots are used for medicinal purposes. The roots contain Steroids, Sugars, Amino acids and Sterols. Researchers have evaluated the antimicrobial properties of this plant.
According to texts of ayurveda Vidarikanda is heavy to digest and increases moisture level of tissues and stickiness of secretions. It is sweet to taste and this taste remains in all stages of digestion. It has tremendous cooling properties. Due to these properties it alleviates pitta and vata .
Medicinal properties of Vidarikanda
1.This tuber reduces dryness of body and eases bowel movement. It is very useful in relieving constipation.
2.It strengthens the body and boosts its immunity. This wonder herb acts as Rasayana and helps to slow down ageing process.
3.Vidaarikanda rejuvenates male reproductive system and increases quality and quantity of semen. This helps to increase sperm count and sperm motility.
4.This ayurvedic herb reduces vata and normalizes kapha. Due to these properties shukra dhatu increases. Shukra dhatu helps to increase hard erections, libido and sexual energy.
5.Vidaarikanda acts as an aphrodisiac and is known as vrishya. This is used in vajikarana preparations.
6.It acts as a galactogogue and is very useful for nursing mothers.
7.Due to its diuretic properties, it is used as an ingredient in ayurvedic diuretic preparations.
8.Consumption of this herb rejuvenates skin and increases fairness and glow. It is widely used in diseases of skin which cause discoloration.
9.This herb rejuvenates whole body and increases muscle bulk.
Vidarikanda as explained in texts of ayurveda
The ayurveda text Bhava prakaasha, explains the medicinal properties of vidaarikanda or Pueraria tuberosa as follows:
Vidaari madhuraa snigdha brimhani sthanya shukradaa |
Sheetaa swaryaa mootralaa cha jeevani bala varnadaa ||
Guruhu pittaasrapavanadaahaan hanthi rasaayanam |
Vidaari is sweet to taste , has cooling properties, heavy to digest and contains moisture and stickiness .
Brimhani : It helps in weight gain in persons who have lost weight due to diseases or malnourishment.
Sthanya : This herb is very helpful in increasing lactation in nursing mothers.
Shukrada: Owing to its, sweet, cool and sticky properties, this herb helps to increase quality and quantity of semen. This helps to increase sperm count and sperm motility.
Swarya: Singers and teachers who abuse their vocal chords are benefited by this herb. It helps to restore the voice.
Mootrala :. It acts as a diuretic, hence used in ayurvedic diuretic preparations
Jeevani : It rejuvenates the whole body and increases vitality and energy.
Balavardhana:. Vidaari helps to increase strength of body
Varnya : It rejuvenates skin and increases fairness and glow. As it increases moisture levels of skin it helps in dry skin condition.
Rasaayana : It nourishes whole body and increases rasadhatu. When rasadhatu is nourished the successive dhatus also get nourished.
Pavana hanthi : Viadaarikanda normalizes vata and reduces vitiated vata.
Vrishya: As it reduces vata, nourishes rasa dhatu and increases shukra, It acts as a very good aphrodisiac. Owing to these properties it helps in erectile dysfunction, low libido and premature ejaculation. Hence this herb is used in vajikarana Preparations