Ayurveda Pitta Dosha and Its Types
What is Pitta Dosha in Ayurveda?
According to principles of Ayurveda functions of human body and mind are mainly regulated by three energetic forces or doshas. They are vata dosha , pitta dosha and kapha dosha. Any imbalance in these doshas cause disease.
Pitta dosha is the one, which regulates body metabolism and help to maintain body temperature. It is made of 5 fundamental elements of which fire and water are dominant. It’s sharp and hot in nature. Pitta dosha is like a hot liquid lava. It gives light, it increases temperature and also flows. Hence pitta cooks or metabolises the food we eat, gives strength to eyes to visualize objects and maintains body temperature, enhances complexion and pigments of skin and hair.
Functions of Pitta
Functions of pitta dosha is dependent on its site and location.
Digestion and metabolism:
Pitta is very important in digestion of food . It not only happens in digestive system but also continues as metabolism in cellular level . All enzymes, hormones which help in digestion and metabolism can be collectively called as pitta. Pitta helps to digest food and liberate energy.
Pitta dosha initiates hunger and thirst.
Maintaining Body Temperature:
As said earlier pitta is a hot liquid. It moves all over body and keeps it warm.
Helps to maintain normal vision:
Pitta is a glowing liquid fire. Presence of pitta in eyes help to view the objects as vision needs light.
Skin and Pitta Dosha
Skin contains liquid pigments like melanin and we feel warmth through skin. Hence skin is closely associated with pitta dosha. Glow of skin, complexion and skin health are directly related to this dosha.
Pitta dosha and Mind:
Since Pitta dosha throws light, it clears darkness in mind. It kindles knowledge, boosts intelligence, instills courage and fearlessness.
Types of pitta
Ayurveda acharyas have classified pitta based on its location or site and its function. There are five types of pitta
- Pachaka Pitta
- Ranjaka Pitta
- Sadhaka Pitta
- Alochaka Pitta
- Bhrajaka Pitta
Pachana means digestion. The pitta which helps in digestion, transformation and liberation of energy is pachaka pitta. This type of pitta is located between stomach or amashaya and large intestine or pakwashaya. It is also know as anala or jataragni or fire which cooks food. Pachaka pitta is dominant of all other pitta and influences remaining 4 types of pitta.
Any imbalance in this type of pitta causes indigestion, accumulation of toxins, nausea, vomiting , variation in blood sugar level (diabetes), and other digestive system and metabolism related health issues. An ayurvedic liver detox helps to remove accumulation of toxins or ama.
Ranjana means giving colour. This type of pitta enhances the nutrients and colour of rakta dhatu or blood by metabolising nutrients of rasa dhatu or lymph. It also gives colour to stools and urine.
Imbalance of ranjaka pitta can cause anemia, jaundice etc
Sadhaka pitta helps to live a purposeful life. It influences mental functions such as knowledge, intelligence, self- consciousness, etc. It is located in hrudaya. The word Hrudaya is applicable to both heart and brain.
When sadhaka pitta is thrown out of balance a person may experience various psychological symptoms.
Alochaka Pitta –
The site of Alochaka pitta is eyes. It helps in vision and the way we visualize the object.
Imbalance of alochaka pitta can affect vision.
Bhrajaka Pitta –
Pitta which is present in skin is Bhrajaka pitta. It maintains skin colour, skin health, pigments of skin, glow and aura. An ayurvedic skin detox at home helps to keep bhrajaka pitta in balance.
Imbalance of bhrajaka pitta can cause acne, pimple, (ayurvedic remedies for acne and pimples), psoriasis (Read ayurvedic remedy for psoriasis), eczema, dark circles (ayurvedic treatment for dark circles) etc.
If pachaka pitta is balanced all other 4 types of pitta get balanced. Hence, we should always eat foods which keep pachaka pitta in balanced condition. Always follow dinacaharya or ayurvedic daily routine and detox your body at regular intervals. (Read Ayurveda Detox for Men in erectile dysfunction).
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