BOTONICAL NAME : Tribulus terrestris L.
STRUCTURE: Mature plant: Prostrate with stems up to 2m long. Leaves are opposite, each consisting of 4-8 pairs of spear shaped leaflets. There are long hairs on the leaf margins and lower surface. Stems are round and hairy. Flowers are yellow
Seeds: Enclosed in a woody star-shaped structure 5-7 mm long and 5-6 mm wide (carpels). Up to five seeds in each carpel each seed 1.5-3 mm long, yellow. Each plant can have upwards of 2000 seeds
Seedlings: Cotyledons are narrow oval, round apex and hairless. Immature plants have leaves divided into pairs of hairy oval leaflets with pointed apices
Flowers: Yellow, 8-15 mm diameter, 5 petals.
Fruit: Woody burr about 1 cm diameter with sharp spines to 6 mm long. Burr consists of 5 wedge shaped segments. Each segment has 2 unequal pairs of spines.
HABITAT: Prefers light textured soils but will grow over a wide range of soil types. In Australia it is a weed of cultivated crops, overgrazed pastures, stockyards, roadsides, lawns and neglected areas.
PHARMACOLOGY: Tribestan is a completely natural non-hormonal herbal (phytochemical) biostimulator derived from the plant Tribulus terrestris L., Bulgaricum, which contains predominantly saponins of furostanol type, with prevailing quantity of protodioscin (not less than 45% in Tribestan). It is a natural herbal alternative to synthetic anabolic hormones without any clinically proven toxic effects. Tribestan administration leads to increased muscle mass in active sports by activating the enzyme associated with energy metabolism. At the same time it has also been reported to have the ability to stimulate some functions associated with the increase of the body’s natural endogenous testosterone and lutenizing hormone (LH) levels. With the increase of the body’s natural endogenous testosterone level, it can help alleviating some symptoms associated with male menopause
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION : Contains alkaloid – Harman & Harmine
Ayurvedic Description of Gokshura (Sanskrit ) – Tribulus terrestris
SANSKRIT NAME : gokshura, shuuadamshtra, swadukantaka, trikantaka, vanashrungata, chanadhruma, ikshugandhika
LOCAL NAMES(in India) :Gokharu (Hindi), Gokuri (Bengali), Kante gokaru (Marathi),Land caltrops (English),
Guna :- guru,snigdha
Rasa :- madhura
Vipaka :- madhura
KARMA (Action) :
Normalize vata & pitta. a very good aphrodisiacs, diuretic anti informatory widely used in conditions of ED, piles, cough, bronchitis habitual and threaded abash ion calculi, cystitis and general weakness.