Mango belongs to the family “Anacardiaceae”. It has the scientific name “Magnifera Indica” and is widely found in India and south East Asia. Mango trees have deep roots and reach the height of 40 ft – 120 ft . Young mango leaves are copper in color and matured ones have deep green color. The flowers of mango tree are mostly male which supply pollens and few are bisexual which help in formation of fruits.
Bark, leaves, flowers, seed, raw and ripe fruits of mango have myriad medicinal uses. Texts of ayurveda mention various herbal preparations using different parts of mango tree. These preparations are used to normalize a variety of health conditions.
The Mango Bark, flower, leaves, and seed kennel are astringent and cause dryness of body tissues. Ripe mango fruit is sweet to taste and increases sliminess and mucous secretion. Raw Mango is sour in taste and vitiates all three doshas.
Ripe mango normalizes vata and pitta. It helps to relieve constipation and normalize digestion. Consumption of ripe mango increases hemoglobin in blood and is very useful in treating anaemia. Ayurvedic texts eulogize the uses of ripe mango as an aphrodisiac. It is known to rejuvenate male reproductive system and increase quality and quantity of semen. It also increases sexual energy (as it nourishes rakta dhatu) and stamina. Thus it helps in erectile dysfunction and low libido. Ripe mango strengthens the body, increases body bulk and increases glow of skin
Bark, flower, leaves and seed kennel are used to prevent bleeding and to heal chronic wounds. These also help in controlling diarrhea and dysentery. The seed kennel helps to eliminate intestinal parasites and to control dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Seed kennel and tender leaves are useful in urinary tract infections. Bark and seed kennel are used in herbal preparations to reduce inflammation of uterus. Mango leaves reduce vomiting sensation.
Nutritional facts of mango
Texts of Ayurveda commend its nutritional and medicinal value. The following are nutritional facts of mango
Mango increases Body Weight: Mango is rich in carbohydrates .Therefore helps to gain weight and energy. Ayurveda acharyas have indicated that mangoes cause “Brimhanatwa” (increase in weight) and increase “Bala” (strength). This fruit is strongly recommended in weight gain therapy
Best remedy for anemia: Persons who suffer from anemia are benefited by this fruit as it contains iron and copper. The presence of vitamin C in mango helps in complete absorption iron from diet. Hence its use is indicated in “Pandu” (anemia) in ayurveda.
Relieves Constipation: Mango is rich in dietary fiber. High fibers in mango fruit help to relieve constipation. This property helps to normalize doshas and help to expel body toxins.
Good aphrodisiac fruit : This fruit is a good source of a variety of minerals and vitamins which help to increase sexual energy. Hence ayurveda acharyas call this fruit as “Vrishya”. This means the one which help in erectile dysfunction, to increase quality and quantity of semen and act as aphrodisiac. Mango fruit is considered as Vajikarana Food in ayurveda.
Increases fairness and glow of skin: Natural vitamins of mango (Vit A, Vit C) help to relieve clogged pores of skin and increase fairness and its glow. Hence this fruit is known for its property of “Varnya” in ayurveda. It helps to maintain the integrity of skin layers.
Different parts of mango tree are known to help in following conditions
Can Diabetes patients eat Mango ?:
Research scholars from Austarlia have found that mango is very useful in diabetes patients. But this fact has yet to be evaluated. Persons suffering from diabetes can eat this fruit in limited quantities as it is high in glycemic index. One suitable option for diabetic patients to enjoy mangoes is to reduce portion of carbohydrates (rice, wheat, ragi , jowhar) in diet and add mango in its place. Keep checking blood sugar level daily when you consume mango.
Healthy way to eat mangoes: Do not forget to add / sprinkle a pinch of dry ginger powder or 1 tea spoon of ginger juice to a glass of mango smoothie or mango fruit slices. This nullifies the imbalances which happen during digestion of mango. Never mix mangoes with milk. Mango and milk are opposit in nature. This combination forms opposite foods which can imbalance doshas in body.