Ayurveda Health Benefits and Uses of Makhana-Fox Nut-Euryale ferox

makhana ayurveda

Fox nut or makhana is used in conditions like erectile dysfunction, female infertility, low sperm count  (oligospermia) and low sperm motility, diarrhoea and IBS

The plant fox nut belongs to the family Nymphaeaceae. It is popularly known as “Makhana” in India. It grows in water and is found in India, Korea, Japan and Russia.

Fox nut plant does not have stem. It has large round leaves and produces bright purple flowers. The whole plant is covered with small thorns (kantaka) .The leaves of fox nut plant have green upper surface and purple shaded lower surface. This plant produces fruits which are about the size of a small orange. Each fruit contains 8-10 seeds which are of pea size.

Ayurveda Health Benefits and Uses of Makhana or fox nut

Texts of ayurveda explain health benefits, medicinal properties and uses of makhana as follows.

ayurveda health benefits and uses of makhana

These seeds are sweet to taste (madhura rasa ),  Heavy to digest (guru), increases moistness of tissues (snigdha) and has cold potency (sheeta veerya). It balances vata dosha and pitta dosha.

It is vrushya or aphrodisiac:

These seeds are recommended to improve men health. They help in male health conditions like erectile dysfunction,  low sexual energy and infertility. Makhanna increases stickiness of secretions by increasing moisture level in body. Hence it increases quality and quantity of semen and useful in impotence. It strengthens and improves health of shukra dhatu. Makhana prevents premature ejaculation and increases libido .

It is an important ingredient of herbal preparations used for erectile dysfunction. It strengthens body and increases energy level. Because of its aphrodisiac properties it is grouped under vrishyadi varga. The herbs under this group are used in vajikarana therapy.

“Garbha samsthapaka” – Helps in Safe Pregnancy

These seeds are eulogised as garbha samsthapaka which means they help in continuation of pregnancy without any troubles. Women who face habitual abortion or threatened abortion can use these seeds.

“Balya” – Boosts strength and immunity

Makhana or fox nut helps to increase body energy and boost immunity.  It reduces burning sensation and quenches thirst. This is very useful in cystitis and uti.

“Vishtambhi” – Can cause constipation

These seeds can cause constipation when used in excess. Constipation can cause erectile dysfunction.

Uses of Fox nut or makhana in alternative medicine systems

According to principles of traditional Chinese medicine fox nut or Makhana is used to strengthen spleen and kidneys. It is indicated in conditions like spermatorrhea, premature ejaculation, neuralgia, incontinence, cystitis, chronic diarrhea etc. According to herbalists it is helpful in preventing early discharge of semen and restores sexual vigor in older men.( Because of this property the fox nut is categorized under Vajikarana dravyas in texts of ayurveda.) Makhana helps in conditions like arthritis, erectile dysfunction and premature ageing. This herb has antioxidant properties and helps in digestion, rejuvenates respiratory system and prevents frequent urination.

Nutrition value of Fox nut or makhana

These seeds contain carbohydrate, protein, very low fat, dietary fiber, calcium, potassium and iron. It is very low in glycemic index.

Makhana with milk a sweet pudding:

Roast 1 cup of makhana in 3 tea spoon of ghee in a thick bottomed vessel.  Powder roasted makhanas coarsely. Boil 2 cups of milk add powdered makhana to it. Add 3/4 cup sugar and stir well. Allow it to boil for few minutes. If needed more of hot milk can be added to get required consistency. Take it off from fire, add powdered cardamom, chopped almonds, raisins and cashewnuts.

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