Texts of ayurveda explain symptoms and causes of PCOS while explaining female infertility. Imbalance of shukra dhatu in women can cause PCOS or PCOD
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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome-PCOS in Ayurveda
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a female health condition in which many small cysts are present in the ovaries. This condition is known by several names like polycystic ovary disease, polycystic ovaries, Stein-Leventhal syndrome, or polyfollicular ovarian disease.
PCOS or Polycystic ovaries occurs among all races and nationalities. One in 10 women who have reached child bearing age are affected by this reproductive health condition. PCOS is a leading cause for female infertility. According to statistics this condition currently affects millions of women globally
Normally in the menstrual cycle an egg gets matured and released. This egg travels through fallopian tube to reach uterus. In normal cycle a sac or follicle holds the egg till it gets matured and then the matured egg comes out by rupturing the follicle. This is known as ovulation. In PCOS the eggs in these sacs or follicles may not mature and eggs are not released. This altered process makes unmatured follicles or sacs build up in ovaries in the form of cysts. Since ovulation is not occurring and egg is not released each month, it is common for women with PCOS to have irregular or missed periods.
Polycystic ovarian disease or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is an abnormal health condition which occurs due to imbalance in female hormones estrogen and progesterone. This condition leads to growth of small cysts in ovaries. This condition affects fertility of women, menstrual cycle, heart problems and also alters the appearance. Millions of women globally suffer from this Disease.
How can this condition be analysed based on ayurvedic principles?
Usually vitiation of tridoshas are reason for any imbalance in normal health. Even PCOS are not an exception to this. Vata dosha and pitta dosha play a major role in this condition. Vata and Pitta regulate the actions of endocrine glands and their secretions. Any imbalance in these two doshas can affect the delicate balance of hormones involved in ovulation and cause PCOS.
Imbalanced doshas vitiate the Kapha ,mamsa dhatu (muscle tissue) , Rakta dhatu (blood) and meda dhatu (body fat). This vitiation leads formation of small round inflammatory swellings called ‘Granthi’. These are very well explained in texts of Ayurveda as chapters of Yonirogas or arthavavyapad.
Symptoms of PCOS or PCOD – An Ayurveda View
The symptoms of PCODs begin as soon as a girl begins to menstruate. The common symptoms which are experienced in this condition are as follows
Irregular Menstrual bleeding –
The menstrual cycles are not regular. The gap between two menstrual cycles may be more than a month or they may bleed intermittently in a span of 30 days. The volume of menstrual blood may be more (heavy periods or atyarthava in ayurveda) or may be low (scanty periods or alpartava in ayurveda).
Increased hair growth on upper lips, chest, stomach and chin –
Since in PCOS the level of androgen is high the women tend to get hair growth just like men.
Decrease in breast size:
The size of breast decreases since female hormone is less and male hormone is more in this condition.
- Hoarse Voice: The delicate feminine voice gets deepened and cracked.
- Thinning of hair : Women experience hair loss and hair thinning in PCOs
- Acne: Women with PCOD suffer from acne and pimples.
- Increase in body weight: Obesity and PCOs go hand in hand and form a vicious circle.
- Mental anxiety and depression: Altered female hormones have potential effect on health of mind. Women suffering from PCOD often suffer from anxiety and depression.
- Female infertility: PCOs cause female infertility. It is a major concern in present situation.
Causes of PCOD or PCOS- Ayurveda View
Modern health experts are unable find the exact cause for PCOs. They believe that genetics and hormones play a role. If your mother or sister has PCOs then chances of you getting PCOD is more.
Testosterone also known as male hormone (androgen) is present in both men and women. Men secrete a lot of it and women secrete it in a very little quantity. Estrogen which is a female hormone is also present in both and follows the same path but vice versa. Women secrete more of oestrogen hormone and men secrete a very little amount. In women when level of androgen increases it imbalances the delicate balance between estrogen and progesterone. This may lead to PCOs which cause infertility in women
Increased level of insulin may also stimulate the excess secretion of male hormone in women.
Texts of Ayurveda mention that shukra dhatu is present in both men and women. Shukra dhatu plays a very vital role in keeping the male and female reproductive system normal and healthy. Shukra dhatu can be considered as combination of androgen and estrogen. Any imbalnce in shukra dhatu can cause infertility in men and women.The ratio of composition of shukra dhatu is different for both genders. When doshas vitiate shukra dhatu in women the granthis (cysts) appear in andashaya or ovaries.
Consult Dr.Savitha Suri for ayurvedic remedies. Email [email protected] . WhatsApp + 91 6360108663
Author : Dr. Savitha Suri Consultant Ayurvedic Physician
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