Prostate enlargement or BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia has been explained in ayurveda as ‘vatashteela’. Ayurvedic scholars have also recommended medicines and treatment for enlargement of prostate.
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What is benign prostatic hypertrophy or BPH ?
Benign prostatic hypertrophy is swelling of Prostate gland. The prostate is a walnut sized gland that is only present in men. It is located just below the bladder and top of the penis. This gland surrounds the urethra ( the tube through which urine flows from the bladder and out through the penis ). Prostate gland is partly muscular and partly glandular.
Its ducts open into the prostatic portion of the urethra (The portion of urethra surrounded by prostate gland ). It is made up of three lobes.
The prostate gland secretes a slightly alkaline fluid which forms the important component of semen . This fluid constitutes the major portion of seminal fluid which carries sperm and sperms move freely in this fluid.
The prostate gland is divided into three zones, peripheral, transitional and central. The overgrowth of cells takes place in the central part which leads to BPH or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or Hypertrophy.
BPH in Ayurveda
It is a very astonishing fact to know that the condition BPH has been explained in ayurveda long back. The anatomical position of prostate gland, causes and symptoms of BPH are explained by Acharya Sushruta. Ayurveda acharyas also explain Ayurvedic Treatment for BPH.
Ayurveda Anatomy and Definition of Prostate Gland
The anatomical position of prostate gland is described in ayurvedic classics as follows
In Yogaratnakara it has been described as —
“ NAABHERADHASTHAATSANJAATAHA SANCHAARI YADI VAACHALAHA |
ASHTEELAAVAD GHANO GRANTHIROODHWAR MAAYATA UNNATAHA || “
Which means “ Below umbilicus (NAABHI), there is a hard gland which is little bit bulged and changes its place some times and some times stays stationary. This gland is like “Ashteela” (A small stone used to sharpen swords). This gland when affected by vitiated vata dosha to cause a disease called “vataashteela” (or benign prostate hypertrophy)
Sushruta explains the structure , anatomical position of prostate gland and symptoms of BPH as follows.
“SHACRANMAARGASYA BASTHESHCHA VAAYURANTARAMAASHRITAHAI
ASHTEELAAVADGHANAM GRANTHIMMOORDHVAMAAYATA MUNNATAM|| “
Which means – the place between rectum and bladder is occupied by vitiated vata it affects the easy flow of urine, stools and semen by enlarging the gland “ Ashteela”.
This gland when affected by vitiated vata dosha , causes a disease called “vataashteela” (or benign prostate hypertrophy).
The prostate gland enlarges in all men as age advances. BPH is very common and affects one third of men who are over 50. A person suffering from BPH does not have the increased risk of prostate cancer.
Functions of Prostate gland
Before pondering about the Ayurvedic Treatment for BPH, let us know about the physiology of prostate gland. One of the main functions of the prostate is to produce a fluid, which contribute to the liquid portion of semen and this liquid allows the sperm to move freely and facilitates an environment for sperm motility.
The gland is divided into peripheral, transitional and central zone. The overgrowth takes place in central zone which leads to BPH.
Effects of BPH :
Prostate gland surrounds urethra. When prostate gland enlarges, it constricts the urethra reducing the urine flow. The emptying of bladder becomes very difficult because of this. These effects force men to opt for ayurvedic treatment for bph, which is without side effects and safe.
Causes of BPH :
According to present medical concepts the actual cause of prostate enlargement is unknown. But the causes of BPH are very well explained In ayurveda which is based on tridosha theory. Read Causes and Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy- An Ayurveda View
Diagnosis of BPH
A digital rectal examination will be performed to examine the size of prostate by inserting a finger into the rectum. A distended bladder can be felt per abdomen. Ultra sound examination will be done to determine the amount of urine left in the bladder after urination. Routine urine test will be done to rule out infections. A prostate gland tissue may be collected using a needle to check for cancerous cells
Ayurvedic treatment and Medicine for Enlarged Prostate or BPH
If symptoms are mild, the following methods can be tried for relief. The basic concept is to balance vata dosha
Do not control Natural Urges
Vata gets vitiated when natural urges are controlled. Hence do not control the natural urge of passing urine. Urinate when you first get the urge. Go to the bathroom even if you do not have urge.
Keep Addictions at Bay
Alcohol, tobacco, smoking, coffee increase vata and vitiate it. Hence avoid alcohol, tobacco and coffee, especially after dinner.
Keep yourself warm
Vata gets normalized and vitiation comes down when body is warm. This can be accomplished with regular exercises and keeping the body warm.
Say good bye to stress
Mental exertion leads to increase of vata. Avoid mental exertion at work place and at home. Seek ayurvedic treatment for stress and anxiety.
Eat Vata balancing Foods
Avoid foods which cause constipation as constipation causes vitiation of vata. Eat balanced food which can be digested easily and also rich in fiber.
Physical exercise is very important to manage prostate health. A daily brisk walk for 45 minutes helps to ease symptoms of BPH
Use Ayurvedic Herbs
Ayurveda acharyas recommend various herbs to balance vata and to soothe the inflamed tissues of prostate and urinary tract. These not only reduce enlargement of prostate but also act as urinary coolants.
- Shilajeet (Asphaltum),
- Ushira (Vetiveria zizanioides)( also used in cystitis )
- Shweta Chandan (Santalum album),
- Gokshura (tribulus )
- Punarnava (Boerhavia Diffusa )
- Gorakhmundi or Globe thistle( Sphaeranthus hirtus),
- Salam Mishri or
- Salep Orchid (Orchis mascula),
- Lata Karanj or Caesalpinia bonducella
SELF-CARE for Prostate Enlargement or BPH
- Avoid drinking fluids from two hours before going to bed.
- Avoid cold and cough medications that contain decongestants or antihistamines. These medications can increase BPH symptoms.
- Avoid drinking excess amount of liquids. Distribute the intake of fluids throughout day.
Prevention of Prostate Enlargement or BPH
- BPH can be prevented by – Consuming low fat diet
- Including lots of fiber in diet ( fruits and vegetables which are rich in fiber).
- Visiting your family physician as soon as you notice any symptoms while passing urine.
- Apart from these many effective herbal remedies have been mentioned in Sushruta samhita and Yogaratnakara.
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