What are the Health Benefits of Guggul or Guggulu?

Ayurveda recommends guggul in treatment of obesity, infertility, diabetes, erectile dysfunction, increased cholesterol, joint pain, PCOS or PCOD, Low sperm count etc.

Table of content

What is guggulu ?

What are the qualities of best guggulu ?

What are the Health Benefits of Guggulu ?

Types of Guggulu

What is guggulu ?

Guggulu also known as guggul is the resin of a plant which is known as Commiphora Mukul. This plant grows as a small tree and reaches a height of 4-5 feet. The branches have thorns. These plants are found from northern Africa to central Asia, but they are most common in northern India. Ayurvedic scholars eulogise this resin with various Sanskrit names based on its medicinal properties. They are as follows

  1. Guggulu : The one which protects us from diseases.
  2. Devadhupa : The fragrant resin which is used during prayers.
  3. Koushika : This gum is present inside the tree bark or Kosha.
  4. Pura : It is the best amongst all medicines.
  5. Mahishaksha : Its colour resembles the eyes of buffalo
  6. Palankasha: The herbal part which helps in weight loss.

What are the qualities of best guggulu ?

The guggulu which is soft, sticky, sweet flavoured, bitter (tikta rasa) to taste, yellowish and easily get dissolved in water is considered as best guggulu for medicinal use. It should be devoid of pollutants like dust, sand and other impurities.

Guggulu which is stored for ages will be light to digest, dries up the tissues of body, penetrates deep tissues, quickly shows medicinal effects and very fragrant. Fresh guggulu is soft and sticky to touch.

This resin has bitter taste and hot in potency. It normalises all three doshas. (vata dosha, pitta dosha and kapha dosha)

What are the Health Benefits of Guggulu ?

Since it normalises all three doshas it is used in almost all diseases. The following health conditions are usually addressed with guggulu preparations.

Guggulu for Obesity:

We know that obesity is main cause for heart diseases, diabetes, joint pains, PCOS or PCOD and other metabolic disorders. Based on principles of Ayurveda obesity occurs when Vata vitiates Kapha. This resin is specially used in weight loss preparations. The NILOBESE AYURVEDIC WEIGHT LOSS Capsules contain Guggulu along with other potent fat burning herbs as one of its ingredients.

Guggul for Increased Blood Cholesterol:

various researches show that guggulu is very effective in reducing blood cholesterol levels.

In Joint pain:

The anti-inflammatory properties of guggulu helps to reduce joint pain and localised inflammation. External application of herbal preparations which contain this resin help to reduce pain and inflammation. This gum is the main ingredient of ayurvedic preparations which are used in arthritis, sciatica and joint pains.

In Digestive disorders:

This resin increases appetite and normalises digestive system. It helps to relieve indigestion, bloating and flatulence. It acts as liver rejuvenator and detoxifies liver. It is also helpful in eliminating haemorrhoids, constipation and intestinal parasites

In Respiratory disorders:

Guggulu boosts the lung health and is very useful in treatment of chronic cough, bronchitis, asthma and tuberculosis.

Disorders of Urinary System:

Ayurveda acharyas recommend this resin to treat urinary calculi, cystitis and UTI

Diabetes :

In texts of Ayurveda aged guggulu is recommended for diabetes and obesity. Since use of this resin boosts weight loss, it automatically helps to control elevated blood sugar. Also aged guggulu has blood sugar lowering properties.

In Men Health:

Ayurvedic texts explain use of guggulu in Vajikarana Chapter. They praise the aphrodisiac properties of this gum. This resin is the best ayurvedic remedy for erectile dysfunction. Since it helps in weight loss and diabetes, this herbal part can be used in erectile dysfunction due to diabetes and erectile dysfunction due to obesity. It boosts male libido and new guggulu increases sperm count. Hence this resin is used in Ayurveda Vajikarana Therapy.

In Female Health:

Guggulu is recommended in female infertility and menstrual disorders. This can be used in ayurvedic treatment for PCOS or PCOD.

Discolouration of skin

Colour changes in skin often occurs in people who are obese. Guggulu helps to boost skin health and increase its glow. It keeps on detoxifying the skin.


Usually constipation troubles over weighted people. They will be unable to evacuate bowel completely. But guggulu increases intestinal motility and helps to increase bowel movement. This aids in relief from constipation.

Types of Guggulu

Texts of Ayurveda use two types of guggulu. One is new or nava guggulu and other is aged or purana guggulu.

The Aged guggulu is bitter to taste and has tissue drying properties.

Aged or Purana Guuggulu and Weight Loss

Ayurveda acharyas explain that the aged guggulu has Lekhana properties. Lekhana means scraping the excess. Through this property the aged resin metabolises the fat and helps in weight loss.

Apart from this this resin has ruksha guna or drying properties. Guggulu helps to remove excess water from body and also dries up the fat tissues. This herbal part has ability to normalise the vitiated doshas. Usually medha dhatu or body fat increases when vata vitiates kapha. Guggulu helps to normalise vata and kapha. This in turn aids in loss of medha dhatu or body fat. Thus aged guggulu immensely help in weight loss.

New or Nava Guggulu for Erectile Dysfunction

Fresh guggulu or nava guggulu has snigdha guna or moistness increasing properties. It acts as Vrishya or aphrodisiac. This ingredient is usually used in ayurveda Vajikarana Therapy to increase potency of men. New guggulu also helps in erectile dysfunction and boosts sperm count.

Reference https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4637499/

Author : Dr.Savitha Suri Consultant Ayurvedic Physician

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