Health Benefits of Coriander/cilantro, seeds, leaves,

Coriander, often referred to as cilantro in some regions, is a versatile herb revered for its distinct flavor and aroma. Native to the Mediterranean and parts of southwestern Asia, this plant has been a staple in culinary traditions for thousands of years. Both its leaves and seeds are used in various dishes, offering a unique combination of citrusy, nutty, and spicy undertones. Beyond the kitchen, it’s also cherished for its medicinal properties, having been historically utilized to alleviate digestive issues, lower blood sugar, and combat inflammation. Rich in antioxidants and essential vitamins, it not only adds flavor to meals but also confers health benefits. This aromatic herb seamlessly blends with numerous cuisines around the world, showcasing its adaptability and widespread appeal.

Table of content

Coriander/ cilantro  plant structure

Ayurveda medicinal properties of cilantro or coriander

Health Benefits of coriander or cilantro

Who can not use cilantro or coriander ?

Coriander/ cilantro  plant structure

The coriander plant, known by the Latin name Coriandrum sativum, is an annual herb in the Apiaceae family. It stands between 20 to 60 cm tall and possesses slender, branched stems. The plant has two types of leaves: the lower ones are broad, lobed, and resemble parsley, while the upper ones are finely divided and feathery. As it matures, the coriander plant produces small, pinkish-white or pale violet flowers, grouped in umbrella-shaped clusters called umbels. These flowers give way to the fruit, which, when dried, is commonly referred to as a coriander seed. The seed is a spherical, ridged, and yellowish-brown in color. While the fresh leaves are popularly used as a herb in various cuisines, the seeds are ground into a spice. Both parts of the plant offer distinctive flavors and are widely cherished in culinary traditions globally.

Ayurveda medicinal properties of cilantro or coriander

In Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine that originates from India, coriander is highly esteemed for its therapeutic properties. In Ayurveda, coriander is commonly referred to as “Dhanyaka”.Here’s a breakdown of the Ayurvedic attributes of coriander:

According to ayurveda Coriander or cilantro helps in fatty liver, obesity, diabetes, pcos and skin health. It aids in weight loss and normalising blood sugar level.

1. Rasa (Taste): Tikta rasa (bitter to taste) and Katu rasa (pungent taste)

2. Virya (Energy): Shita (Cooling). This means it has the ability to cool down the body, making it beneficial for conditions related to heat or inflammation.

3. Vipaka (Post-digestive effect): Madhura (Sweet), suggesting it is nourishing and balancing after digestion.

Effect on Doshas:

Coriander is believed to balance all three doshas—Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. However, it’s particularly noted for its efficacy in pacifying elevated Pitta dosha due to its cooling properties.

Ayurveda Medicinal Properties:

   – Deepana (Digestive Aid): It promotes digestion and can help alleviate indigestion, flatulence, and bloating.

   – Detoxifier: Coriander aids in removing toxins from the body.

   – Jwaraghna ( Relieves fever and-inflammatory): Beneficial for conditions like fever, arthritis.

   – Mutrala (Diuretic): Helps in promoting urination and removal of excess fluid from the body.

   – Anti-allergic: Useful in addressing skin allergies and rashes.

Grahi ( absorbs water and prevents sagging of tissues): This is used in conditions like IBS and skin wrinkles.

Other Benefits: Coriander is also believed to improve vision ( chakshushya), stimulate appetite, and act as a mild laxative in Ayurvedic practices.

Local names of cilantro/ coriander

Coriander is a popular herb and spice used extensively across India. Given the linguistic diversity of the country, it’s known by different names in various Indian languages. Here are some of them:

1. Hindi: Dhaniya

2. Bengali: Dhonē (ধনে)

3. Gujarati: Dhana (ધણા)

4. Punjabi: Dhania (ਧਨੀਆ)

5. Marathi: Dhane (धणे)

6. Tamil: Kothamalli (கோத்தமல்லி) for the leaves and Dhaniya (தனியா) for the seeds.

7. Telugu: Dhaniyalu (ధనియాలు) for the seeds and Kothimeera (కోతిమీర) for the leaves.

8. Kannada: Kottambari (ಕೊತ್ತಂಬರಿ) for the leaves and Dhaniya (ಧಣಿಯಾ) for the seeds.

9. Malayalam: Malli (മല്ലി) for the seeds and Kothamalli (കോത്താമല്ലി) for the leaves.

10. Odia: Dhania (ଧନିଆ)

11. Assamese: Dhania (ধনিয়া)

12. Urdu: Dhaniya (دهنیا)

Remember, the names can sometimes slightly vary based on regional dialects and local variations.

It’s essential to note that while Ayurveda offers profound insights into the therapeutic properties of herbs and spices, it’s always advisable to consult with a trained Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare provider before using them for medicinal purposes.

Health Benefits of coriander or cilantro

Coriander, a staple in many global cuisines, offers more than just a unique flavor profile; it also boasts an array of health benefits. Rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, this herb can be a significant addition to a balanced diet. Studies suggest that coriander may play a role in lowering bad cholesterol levels, thus supporting cardiovascular health. Its anti-inflammatory properties can help alleviate symptoms in conditions such as arthritis. The seeds, in particular, have been linked to improved digestive health, with the potential to ease upset stomachs, bloating, and other digestive discomforts. Moreover, coriander’s natural compounds have shown promise in regulating blood sugar, making it a topic of interest for ayurvedic treatment for diabetes research. Antioxidants in coriander, such as quercetin, help combat oxidative stress, potentially reducing the risk of chronic diseases. Whether consumed as leaves or seeds, coriander not only elevates culinary dishes but also provides a wellness boost to those who ingest it.

Slows down fatty liver progression

Fatty liver disease, primarily characterized by the excessive accumulation of fat within liver cells, can be a result of factors such as obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, and high blood sugar. Coriander, both in its seed and leaf forms, possesses properties that may be beneficial in addressing and preventing the progression of this condition.

1. Antioxidant Properties: One of the underlying mechanisms in the progression of fatty liver is oxidative stress. Coriander is rich in antioxidants, including quercetin, terpinene, and tocopherols, which combat oxidative stress, thereby potentially preventing liver damage and the accumulation of fat. Hence this can be used in diet when you are availing ayurvedic treatment for fatty liver.

2. Lipid Regulation: Studies have shown that coriander seeds can reduce levels of total cholesterol, LDL (bad cholesterol), and triglycerides. By modulating lipid profiles, coriander may help in reducing fat accumulation in the liver.

3. Anti-inflammatory Effects: Chronic inflammation can exacerbate fatty liver disease. The anti-inflammatory properties of coriander can help in reducing liver inflammation, which in turn may prevent the progression of fatty liver to more severe liver conditions.

4. Glucose Metabolism: Elevated blood sugar levels are a risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Coriander has shown potential in regulating blood sugar levels, which might indirectly reduce the risk of fat accumulation in the liver.

5. Hepatoprotective Nature: Some studies have indicated that the bioactive compounds in coriander exhibit hepatoprotective effects, helping safeguard the liver against various toxins.

6. Digestive Health: By promoting better digestion and addressing digestive disorders, coriander can facilitate the efficient metabolism of fats, potentially reducing their storage in the liver. It acts as the best ayurveda liver detox.

Incorporating coriander into one’s diet might offer protective effects against fatty liver disease. However, it’s essential to approach it as a complementary measure, alongside a balanced diet, regular exercise, and medical supervision when required.

Helps in weight management

Coriander, a popular culinary herb and spice, has been traditionally utilized for its myriad health benefits. Among its potential advantages is its role in supporting weight loss. Here’s how coriander can be an asset to those on a weight loss journey. It is recommended in diet for those who want to undergo an ayurvedic treatment for obesity and weight loss.

1. Digestive Aid: Proper digestion is crucial for weight management. Coriander stimulates digestive enzymes and juices, facilitating better digestion. A healthy digestive system ensures optimal nutrient absorption and reduces bloating, promoting an overall sense of well-being.

2. Diuretic Properties: Coriander acts as a natural diuretic, aiding in the elimination of excess sodium and water from the body. This not only helps in reducing water weight but also supports kidney function.

3. Blood Sugar Regulation: High blood sugar levels can lead to increased hunger and fat storage. Coriander has been linked to stabilizing blood sugar levels, thereby potentially aiding in appetite control and reducing the tendency to overeat.

4. Lipid Modulation: Studies have shown that coriander can reduce LDL (bad cholesterol) levels and increase HDL (good cholesterol), fostering a healthier lipid profile. A balanced lipid profile aids in the reduction of fat accumulation.

5. Rich in Fiber: Coriander seeds are a good source of dietary fiber. Fiber not only aids digestion but also provides a feeling of fullness, reducing calorie intake.

6. Metabolism Boost: Certain compounds in coriander have been suggested to boost metabolism, aiding the body in burning more calories even at rest.

7. Detoxification: Toxins can interfere with the body’s natural processes, including weight regulation. Coriander’s detoxifying properties help in flushing out toxins, paving the way for efficient metabolic processes.

Incorporating coriander into a balanced diet can offer these benefits and more. However, it’s essential to note that no single

herb or food can be solely responsible for significant weight loss. Coriander should be viewed as a complementary ingredient in a broader weight management strategy, which should also include a balanced diet, regular exercise, adequate hydration, and a healthy lifestyle. It’s always wise to consult with a healthcare or nutrition expert when making significant changes to one’s diet or health regimen.

Aids in blood sugar management

Coriander, both in its leafy and seed forms, has been traditionally valued in various cultures for its potential medicinal properties. Among the myriad of benefits associated with coriander is its potential role in diabetes management. Here’s a closer look at how coriander might be beneficial for individuals with diabetes:

1. Blood Sugar Regulation: Coriander seeds, in particular, have demonstrated a potential in reducing blood glucose levels. Compounds present in the seeds may enhance the activity of insulin, the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar, thereby aiding in better glucose uptake by cells.

2. Insulin Sensitivity: Regular consumption of coriander may improve insulin sensitivity. Enhanced sensitivity allows cells to utilize glucose more efficiently, reducing the overall blood sugar levels in the body.

3. Rich in Antioxidants: Oxidative stress plays a significant role in the onset and progression of diabetes and its complications. Coriander is packed with antioxidants, which combat oxidative stress and potentially reduce the risk of diabetes-related complications.

4. Lipid Profile Regulation: Diabetes is often associated with abnormal lipid profiles, including elevated levels of LDL (bad cholesterol). Coriander has shown promise in modulating lipid levels, thereby supporting cardiovascular health in diabetic individuals.

5. Anti-inflammatory Properties: Chronic inflammation can exacerbate diabetes and its associated complications. Coriander’s anti-inflammatory effects may help in reducing systemic inflammation, offering protective benefits.

6. Digestive Health: By promoting better digestion, coriander can facilitate the efficient metabolism of sugars and carbs, which can assist in stabilizing post-meal blood sugar spikes.

7. Weight Management: Obesity and excess weight are risk factors for type 2 diabetes. As a potential weight loss herb, coriander might indirectly aid in diabetes management by supporting healthy weight.

It’s important to note that while coriander offers these potential benefits, it should not replace prescribed diabetic medications. Instead, it can be a complementary addition to a holistic diabetes management plan, undertaken with the guidance of healthcare professionals.

Improves insulin sensitivity and helps in weight loss in PCOS

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. While the exact cause is not entirely clear, insulin resistance, inflammation, and hormonal imbalances play significant roles in its onset and progression. Coriander, both in its leaf and seed forms, has shown promise in addressing some of these issues. Here’s a closer look at how coriander might be beneficial for individuals with PCOS:

1. Insulin Sensitivity: PCOS often coexists with insulin resistance, leading to elevated insulin levels. This can further increase the production of androgens, exacerbating PCOS symptoms. Coriander has shown potential in improving insulin sensitivity, thus helping to regulate blood sugar levels and reduce excessive insulin in the bloodstream. This can be used as the best spice to include in your diet when you are on an ayurvedic treatment for PCOS.

2. Hormonal Regulation: Compounds in coriander may help in balancing hormones, particularly by modulating the activity of the endocrine system. This can be crucial for PCOS management, where hormonal imbalance is a core issue.

3. Anti-inflammatory Properties: Chronic inflammation is linked to the development and progression of PCOS. Coriander’s anti-inflammatory properties can help reduce inflammation, thereby potentially alleviating some symptoms of PCOS.

4. Weight Management: Many individuals with PCOS struggle with weight issues due to metabolic and hormonal imbalances. Coriander aids digestion and might indirectly assist in weight management, a crucial aspect of managing PCOS.

5. Rich in Antioxidants: Oxidative stress can exacerbate PCOS symptoms. Coriander, being rich in antioxidants, combats oxidative stress, offering potential protection against the adverse effects of free radicals.

6. Natural Diuretic: PCOS might sometimes cause fluid retention. Coriander acts as a natural diuretic, aiding in the elimination of excess fluid and helping with bloating.

While coriander offers potential benefits in the context of PCOS, it’s essential to approach its consumption as a part of a comprehensive management strategy, which should also include dietary changes, regular exercise, and medical interventions as prescribed by healthcare professionals.

Helps to keep the skin young and glowing

Coriander, an aromatic herb celebrated for its culinary applications, also holds promise in the realm of skin health. Packed with various vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, coriander offers a range of benefits for the skin. Here’s a closer examination of its potential uses:

1. Antioxidant Protection: Coriander is rich in antioxidants like quercetin, beta-carotene, and tocopherols, which counteract the damaging effects of free radicals. By neutralizing these harmful molecules, coriander can help prevent premature aging, fine lines, and wrinkles.

2. Anti-inflammatory Properties: Thanks to its anti-inflammatory compounds, coriander can alleviate skin redness, puffiness, and irritations. This makes it potentially beneficial for conditions like eczema or rosacea.

3. Antibacterial & Antifungal: Coriander has shown antimicrobial properties which can help in combating skin infections, reducing acne breakouts, and promoting a clearer complexion.

4. Skin Hydration: Essential fatty acids in coriander seeds can aid in retaining moisture, making the skin feel soft, hydrated, and plump.

5. Brightening Effect: The vitamin C content in coriander leaves can rejuvenate the skin, reduce dullness, and impart a radiant glow.

6. Detoxification: Coriander assists in purifying the blood and removing toxins. A cleaner system often reflects in a healthier skin complexion.

7. Skin Healing: Zinc, present in coriander, can boost the production of collagen and elastin, aiding in skin repair and regeneration. This is especially beneficial for healing scars or blemishes.

8. Natural Exfoliator: Ground coriander seeds can be used as a gentle exfoliator to remove dead skin cells, revealing fresher and smoother skin beneath.

To harness these benefits, coriander can be incorporated into skincare routines in various forms – as face packs using fresh leaves, essential oils, or even infusions using the seeds. However, as with any natural remedy, a patch test is recommended before full application to avoid potential allergic reactions. Moreover, for persistent skin conditions, it’s essential to consult with a dermatologist or skincare expert.

Who cannot use cilantro or coriander?

While cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) is generally safe for most people when consumed as a part of a normal diet, there are certain groups or conditions in which its consumption might be of concern:

Not good for male reproductive health: According to ayurvedic texts, this herb is mentioned as having “avrushya” properties. This means it is not recommended for men who want to improve their reproductive health, hence it is not recommended either in the diet of vajikarana therapy or as an ayurvedic medicine for erectile dysfunction. It is not recommended for male infertility issues and klaibya erectile dysfunction. It has shown inhibitory effects on the male reproductive system and reduces testosterone. (

1. Soapy Taste Sensitivity: Some individuals have a genetic predisposition that makes cilantro taste soapy to them. While it’s not harmful, these individuals might prefer to avoid cilantro due to its disagreeable taste.

2. Allergic Reactions: Some people might be allergic to cilantro. Symptoms can include hives, itching, or swelling. If you experience any allergic reactions after consuming cilantro, it’s best to avoid it.

3. Medicinal Interactions: Cilantro might lower blood sugar levels. This could potentially enhance the blood sugar lowering effects of diabetes medications and lead to hypoglycemia. Those on diabetic medications should monitor their blood sugar closely and consult with a healthcare provider.

4. Warfarin and Vitamin K: Cilantro, like many leafy greens, contains vitamin K which plays a role in blood clotting. If someone is on the medication warfarin (a blood thinner), large amounts of cilantro might affect the drug’s efficacy. However, typical dietary amounts shouldn’t pose a significant risk, but it’s always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider.

5. Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: While cilantro is safe when used in amounts typically found in food, there isn’t enough reliable information on the safety of using larger medicinal amounts during pregnancy or breastfeeding. It’s always prudent to err on the side of caution.

6. Heavy Metal Chelation: There’s some evidence suggesting cilantro might help the body excrete heavy metals. However, this process, known as chelation, should be approached with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare provider, as it might affect mineral balances in the body.

7. Digestive Concerns: In some individuals, cilantro can cause digestive upset, especially when consumed in large amounts.

As with any herb or food, moderation is key. If someone is concerned about potential interactions or side effects, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional.


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